Koloskov Volodymyr

National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine


Koloskova Hanna

National Aerospace University “Kharkiv Aviation Institute”, Kharkiv, Ukraine


Kondratenko Olexandr

National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine


Storozhenko Elizaveta

3rd State fire and rescue detachment of the Main Directorate of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine in the Khmelnytsky region, Netishyn, Khmelnytsky region, Ukraine


DOI: 10.52363/2522-1892.2022.2.8


Keywords: ecological safety, environmental protection technologies, livestock waste, biological waste, ash, granulation, seeds



In the presented work the possibility of using the granulation method in the packaging of seeds is determined, in particular, for the manufacturing of granules from fertilizers. The technology of manufacturing of packaging for seeds from biological waste has been developed, based on the method of granulation of seeds with ashes of burning biological waste of animal husbandry. After burning the ash is formed into spherical granules with seeds inside. Yet it is possible to form transport packaging with the resulting ash in the form of briquettes containing plant seeds in their thickness.

To determine the protective characteristics of ash granules formed around the seeds a model of granulated seeds was developed in the SolidWORKS system using the finite element method. Using the developed model, a simulation experiment was conducted to determine the process of heating the granule under the action of open solar irradiation. As a result of the experiment it was found that in the case of short-term thermal exposure, which does not exceed 10 minutes, the temperature of the seed grain will increase only by 7⁰С, which does not go beyond the temperature storage conditions of the vast majority of types of seeds.



1. Porjadok markuvannja ta pakuvannja partij nasinnja i formy etyketky [The procedure for labeling and packaging batches of seeds and label forms], Approved by order of Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine (2017). [in Ukrainian].

2. KorotenkoO. (2020) Ekologichnyj dyzajn: 5 variantiv upakovok [Eco-friendly design: 5 packaging options]. [in Ukrainian].

3. Pro obmezhennja obigu plastykovyh paketiv na terytorii' Ukrai'ny [On limiting the circulation of plastic bags on the territory of Ukraine], 1489-IX Law of Ukraine (2021). [in Ukrainian].

4. Otto, E., DürrR., PrzywaraM., AntosD., & Kienle, A. (2021). Population balance modelling of pan granulation processes. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 50, 965–970. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-323-88506-5.50149-2.

5. Palisa, S., Dreyschultze, C., & Kienle, A. (2014). A methodology for experimental determination of stability boundaries with application to fluidized bed spray granulation. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 33, 625–630. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-63456-6.50105-8.

6. Ramachandran, R. (2011). A multi-scale systems approach to granulation process design. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 29, 91–95. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-53711-9.50019-5.

7. Silva, F. C., Cruz, N. C., Tarelho, L. A. C., & Rodrigues, S. M. (2019). Use of biomass ash-based materials as soil fertilisers: Critical review of the existing regulatory framework. Journal of Cleaner Production, 214, 112–124. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.12.268.

8. Storozhuk, N. A., Pavlenko, T. M., & Abbasova, A. R. (2017). Osobennosti zoly teplovyh jelektrostancij kak zapolnitelja dlja betonov [Features of ash of thermal power plants as an aggregate for concrete]. Visnyk Dnipropetrovs'kogo nacional'nogo universytetu zaliznychnogo transportu, 5(17), 149–157. [in Russian].

9. Zasada, A. A., Formińska, K., Ogrodnik, A., Gierczyński, R., & Jagielski, M. (2014). Screening for anthrax occurrence in soil of flooded rural areas in Poland after rainfalls in spring 2010. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 21(3), 460–463. DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1120584. PMID: 25292110.

10. Chikerema, S. M., Pfukenyi, D. M., Hang'ombe, B. M., L'Abee-Lund, T. M., & Matope, G. (2012). Isolation of Bacillus anthracis from soil in selected high-risk areas of Zimbabwe. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 113(6), 1389–1395. DOI: 10.1111/jam.12006. PMID: 22984812.

11. Lewerin, S. S., Elvander, M., Westermark, T., Hartzell, L. N., Norström, A. K., Ehrs, S., Knutsson, R., Englund, S., Andersson, A. C., Granberg, M., Bäckman, S., Wikström, P., & Sandstedt, K. (2010). Anthrax outbreak in a Swedish beef cattle herd – 1st case in 27 years: Case report. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 52(1), 7. DOI: 10.1186/1751-0147-52-7. PMID: 20122147; PMCID: PMC2826306.

12. Kamboyi, H. K., de Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Hang'ombe, M. B., & Munyeme, M. (2019). Risk mapping and eco-anthropogenic assessment of anthrax in the upper Zambezi basin. Veteterinary Medicine and Science, 5(3), 419–427. DOI: 10.1002/vms3.168. PMID: 30920176; PMCID: PMC6682801.

13. Nsoh, A. E., Kenu, E., Forson, E. K., Afari, E., Sackey, S., Nyarko, K. M., Yebuah, N. (2016). Mapping as a tool for predicting the risk of anthrax outbreaks in Northern Region of Ghana. Pan African Medical Journal, 25(Suppl 1), 14. DOI: 10.11604/pamj.supp.2016.25.1.6205. PMID: 28149439; PMCID: PMC5257015.

14. Huang, Y., Du, Y., Wang, Y., Wang, N., Bai, J., Chen, H., He, H., Xu, J., Wu, Y., Luo, Y., Li, X., & Liang, G. (2016). An outbreak of cutaneous anthrax in Yunnan, China. Emerging Microbes & Infections, 5(6), e64. DOI: 10.1038/emi.2016.65. PMID: 27329849; PMCID: PMC4932653.

15. Fasanella, A., Garofolo, G., Galante, D., Quaranta, V., Palazzo, L., Lista, F., Adone, R., & Jones, M. H. (2010). Severe anthrax outbreaks in Italy in 2004: considerations on factors involved in the spread of infection. The New Microbiologica, 33(1), 83–86. PMID: 20402418.

16. Maksimovic, Z., Cornwell, M. S., Semren, O., & Rifatbegovic, M. (2017). The apparent role of climate change in a recent anthrax outbreak in cattle. Revue Scientifique et Technique, 36(3), 959–963. DOI: 10.20506/rst.36.3.2727. PMID: 30160697.

17. Sposib vygotovlennja nasinnjevo-organo-mineral'nyh granul dlja vysivu dribnonasinnjevyh kul'tur z vykorystannjam zoly vid spaljuvannja biologichnyh vidhodiv [Method of production of seed-organo-mineral granules for sowing small-seed crops using ash from the incineration of biological waste] (UA Patent 151010). (25.05.2022). UA Patent. [in Ukrainian].